cyberphoto2Dr. Glen Segell
(Professor Glen Segell (DPhil, FRGS) is Visiting Professor and Research Fellow in the Department of Political Studies and Governance at the University of the Free State, South Africa. He is also Research Fellow at the Ezri Center for Iran & Gulf Studies, University of Haifa, Israel, and Editor of The Middle East Tracker and The London Security Policy Study. He is a Member of the Editorial Advisory Boards of the Journal of European and American Intelligence Studies (JEAIS) and of Cyber, Intelligence and Security (INSS). He serves as an Executive Advisory Board Member of the International Political Studies Association Research Committee on Armed Forces and Society. He holds the rank of Brigadier-General (Reserves) and is an expert for NATO STO. His publication record can be viewed at ORCID 0000-0002-4186-2761)


Copyright: @ 2022 Research Institute for European and American Studies ( Publication date: 10 January 2022

Note: The article reflects the opinion of the author and not necessarily the views of the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS)


The hypothesis of this article contends that information is a weapon and that a type of information warfare is cyber. It would fair to say then that weaponized information, and especially cyber combat, exhibit common traits with other types of weapons and warfare.

In all types of warfare including cyber, an attack and an attacker are a combination of intent and means. Cyber war may be limited in an offensive role, for democratic states, as they need to follow set procedures and processes to declare war. However is a total war in a defensive role, as there are daily attacks against civilians, government, and their defence and security forces. .. Read more

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