med4Saron Messembe Obia
(Master of Science in Security Studies and Post Graduate Diploma in Criminology and Security management from the Pan African Institute for Development West Africa (PAID- WA)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies (www.rieas.gr) Publication date: 8 August 2020

Note: The article reflects the opinion of the author and not necessarily the views of the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS)

Abstract

Streaming back to the history of global terrorism, the 19th century jihad is indeed the power of contemporary trends. Just as civilization started in Africa, the quest for cultural advancement and religions propagation in the form of crusades and scholarship began in Nigeria in the 19th century with Usman Dan Fodio, advocating for education and respect of Islamic norms, which he attained his objectives in a most peaceful manner. Though his crusade was flag under the banner of jihad, treaties have not been respected in the world, amounting to the global menace on human security. ... Read more