Prof. Sohail Mahmood
(Head, Department of Politics and International Studies, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan)


Pakistan is facing acute instability because of bad governance and political turmoil. It is faced with complex multiple challenges not easily surmounted. Pakistan has suffered from long spells of military rule and there were many hopes pinned on the Zardari Government which came into power in early 2008. But the historic transformation from military to civilian rule isn’t looking promising. 

Pakistan’s fragile democracy is simply not delivering, at least as per public expectations. The parliament’s performance is poor and it has been reduced to a rubber stamp only. Meanwhile, the military advances its nuclear capabilities with great zeal. Undoubtedly, Pakistan has an awesome nuclear capability which is growing at an ever fast rate. Given Pakistan’s other failures, this is indeed ironic.

Zhyldyz Oskonbaeva
(RIEAS Senior Advisor & Eurasian Liaison)


The perfect example of fusion between religion and politics can be found in the Islamic Republic of Iran.  As opposed to a democracy, the theocracy ruling Iran offers serious scholars a clearer understanding of how ideology drives national strategy.  As with any motivated country seeking to exert influence beyond its borders, intelligence continues to play a prominent role in bringing these aims to fruition.....  Read more

Daniel Little
(RIEAS Senior Advisor)


As we approach mid-2012, Azerbaijan’s purchase of $1.6 billion in military hardware from Israel appears more rooted in speculation about thwarting Iran’s nuclear aspirations than the decision process that went into buying them.  Anytime a government spends a quarter of its annual revenue on weapons, there is more at stake than a singular, emerging security issue in an otherwise tough neighborhood. 1 Despite the best efforts of the OSCE Minsk Group and the Madrid Principles, little has changed for Nagorno-Karabakh since the 1994 ceasefire.2 With accusations of ceasefire violations going back and forth between the Armenian and Azeri parties3 more can be done by the international community given this recent escalation of tensions.  By more, I mean the right kind of assistance.  To the parties involved Nagorno-Karabakh is many things but what it is not is ‘frozen.’4  Rather than accept the status quo of stalemate, this requires a re-examination of the traditional barriers to resolution as well as examining the normative structure of Conflict Resolution as it relates to Nagorno-Karabakh..... Read more

We use cookies

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.