southeastasia6Leo S.F. Lin
(Senior Analyst, Research Institute for European and American Studies)

Copyright: Research Institute for European and American Studies ( Publication date: 15 December 2019

Note: The article reflects the opinion of the author and not necessarily the views of the Research Institute for European and American Studies (RIEAS)


Chinese Organized Crime (OC) or Chinese Triads , like Japanese Yakuza, is one of the most notorious of the Asian crime organizations, which have survived since the 19th century. Traditionally, Chinese OC operates exclusively within their ethnic groups and in a more hierarchical organizational structure. In these triad organizations, members of the OC groups have to follow precise rules, rituals, oaths, codes of conduct, and chains of command (Lo 2010). Such structural control facilitates the triads to effectively control territories to run illicit activities (Chin and Chin 1990, Lo 1984)...Read more

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